On 6 April 2016, the Tribunal compensation limits will increase. The maximum compensatory award for unfair dismissal will rise from £78,335 to £78,962. The maximum amount of a week's pay, used to calculate statutory redundancy payments and various awards including the basic and additional awards for unfair dismissal, also rises from £475 to £479.
Tribunal Statistics: October 2015 – December 2015
On 10 March 2016, the Ministry of Justice published the tribunal quarterly statistics for the period October to December 2015. The number of claims received by the Employment Tribunal was similar to the previous quarter (July 2015 – September 2015), continuing the trend in the reduction to the number of claims.
During the period, 4,338 single claims were received by Employment Tribunals, which is almost the same as in the same period for 2014 and 71% fewer than in the same period of 2012 (before the fees were introduced). There were 13,546 multiple claims received, which is 6.6% less than during the same period in 2014.
Employment Tribunals disposed of 10,047 claims, which is 96% fewer than in the same period of 2014. This decrease is due to the ending of a large multiple airline cases relating to the Working Time Directive in October to December 2014. Single claims accounted for 38% of the disposals, which was an 11% reduction on the same period in 2014. Of the complaints disposed of by the Employment Tribunals, 18% were associated with unauthorised deductions, 17% were for equal pay and 14% were for unfair dismissal.
A continued reduction in the number of claims being brought before the Employment Tribunals is evident and a major cause for the drop in claims is due to the introduction of fees to access the Employment Tribunal. Since the fees have been introduced in 2013, the Ministry of Justice statistics show that the number of claims being issued in the Employment Tribunal has plummeted and there are no signs of this trend changing in the near future. It is also thought that the introduction of the ACAS Early Conciliation regime in May 2014, which requires ACAS to be notified of any dispute before a claim can be lodged with a view to trying to settle the dispute has contributed towards the reduction in claims, given that a significant amount of claims are now settled before they are heard at the Employment Tribunal.